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À paraître New Orleans, Louisiana, and Saint-Louis, Senegal Mirror Cities in the Atlantic World, 1659-2000s sous la direction d’Emily Clark, Cécile Vidal et Ibrahima Thioub aux LSU Press

Le 16 juillet 2019 à 20h33

À paraître (décembre 2019) New Orleans, Louisiana, and Saint-Louis, Senegal Mirror Cities in the Atlantic World, 1659-2000s sous la direction d’Emily Clark, Cécile Vidal et Ibrahima Thioub aux LSU Press, 2019, 264 p. ISBN : 9780807171110 Prix : 50 $.

Cet ouvrage correspond aux Actes du colloque : "Saint-Louis du Sénégal et La Nouvelle-Orléans : Deux villes en miroir, XVIIe-XXIe siècle" (Nouvelle-Orléans, 22-25 avril 2013)

"This book explores the intertwined histories of Saint-Louis, Senegal, and New Orleans, Louisiana. Although separated by an ocean, both cities were founded during the early French imperial expansion of the Atlantic world. Both became important port cities of their own continents, the Atlantic world as a whole, and the African diaspora. The slave trade not only played a crucial role in the demographic and economic growth of Saint-Louis and New Orleans, but also directly connected the two cities. The Company of the Indies ran the Senegambia slave-trading posts and the Mississippi colony simultaneously from 1719 to 1731. By examining the linked histories of these cities over the longue durée, this edited collection shows the crucial role they played in integrating the peoples of the Atlantic world. The essays also illustrate how the interplay of imperialism, colonialism, and slaving that defined the early Atlantic world operated and evolved differently on both sides of the ocean.
The chapters in part one, “Negotiating Slavery and Freedom,” highlight the centrality of the institution of slavery in the urban societies of Saint-Louis and New Orleans from their foundation to the second half of the nineteenth century. Part two, “Elusive Citizenship,” explores how the notions of nationality, citizenship, and subjecthood—as well as the rights or lack of rights associated with them—were mobilized, manipulated, or negotiated at key moments in the history of each city. Part three, “Mythic Persistence,” examines the construction, reproduction, and transformation of myths and popular imagination in the colonial and postcolonial cities. It is here, in the imagined past, that New Orleans and Saint-Louis most clearly mirror one another. The essays in this section offer two examples of how historical realities are simplified, distorted, or obliterated to minimize the violence of the cities’ common slave and colonial past in order to promote a romanticized present. With editors from three continents and contributors from around the world, this work is truly an international collaboration."

Emily Clark is Clement Chambers Benenson Professor in Colonial American History at Tulane University and the author of five books, including Masterless Mistresses : The New Orleans Ursulines and the Development of a New World Society, 1727–1834 and The Strange History of the American Quadroon : Free Women of Color in the Revolutionary Atlantic World.
Cécile Vidal is directrice d’études at the École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales in Paris. She coauthored, with Gilles Havard, Histoire de l’Amérique française and has edited numerous collected works, including Louisiana : Crossroads of the Atlantic World. Her latest monograph is Caribbean New Orleans : Empire, Race, and the Making of a Slave Society.
Ibrahima Thioub is professor of history at the Cheikh Anta Diop University in Dakar, Senegal, and associate fellow at the Nantes Institute for Advanced Study in Nantes, France. He founded and leads the Centre Africain de Recherches sur les Traites et les Esclavages (CARTE) at Dakar.